Charles Dickens childhood

  1. A debtorsprison is a prison for people who are unable to pay debt. These prisons have only been used recently. Through the mid 19th century, debtorsprisons were a common way to deal with unpaid debt in Western Europe.                                                                                                                                           

    1. A debtorsprison it was a terrible place, the conditions were terrible, a little food, rats, often the ceilings were very low to make it uncomfortable. Death was common in these places. Sometimes a man’s whole family accompanied the one in debt to the prison. Charles Dickens father went to a debtor’s prison when dickens was 12. Dickens  had to go to work in a Blacking factory. He lived there while the rest of his family lived in the prison. He walked over 10 miles to visit them his one half day off from work Sunday. PastedGraphic-3

    Charles DickensPastedGraphic-2 having seen the horrific conditions the poor had to live in he become aware of the suffering he wrote books that exposed this suffering.  Lets Listen to a version of  Dickens A Christmas Carol a christmas story that deals with these issues.

     A Christmas Carol

How the Grinch Stole Christmas!


Today we will read How The Grinch Stole Christmas. Things to think about:

What makes a day special? What makes something a celebration? Why were the who’s Happy with out presents and all the trimmings for their holiday.

December 7th, 1941

World War II
Attack on Pearl Harbor

The Attack on Pearl Harbor happened on December 7th, 1941. Japanese airplanes made a surprise attack on the US Navy in Pearl Harbor. They destroyed many ships and killed many soldiers. It was this attack that forced the United States to enter World War II.

Pearl Harbor Japanese Fighter plane
Japanese fighter plane attacking

Where is Pearl Harbor?

Pearl Harbor is located in Hawaii on the island of O’ahu. Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean between California and Japan. During the time of World War II, Hawaii was not a state, but a US territory.

Before the Attack

World War II had been raging in Europe and Asia for two years, but the United States had not entered the war. The Empire of Japan was trying to take over much of Asia and was worried about the US Navy in Hawaii. They decided to strike in order to prevent the United States from attacking them.

The Japanese thought that if they took out the war ships in Pearl Harbor, then the United States Navy would be crippled and would never attack. However, they were mistaken and the attack on Pearl Harbor had just the opposite result. The US declared war the next day.

The Attack

The attack on Pearl Harbor came as a complete surprise. Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes and bombers flew to Pearl Harbor and attacked. The bombers dropped bombs and torpedoes on the war ships, while the fighter planes attacked the US fighter planes on the ground so they could not take off and fight back. There were two waves of attacks and by the end of the second wave a number of US ships were destroyed.

USS Arizona sinking
The USS Arizona sinking

The Numbers

Here are the casualties from both sides during the attack. Although the Japanese inflicted considerable damage to the US Navy, they did not cripple it. They damaged many ships including warships, destroyers, and cruisers. They also destroyed a lot of the fighter planes and aircraft at the base. However, all of the US ships but three (the Arizona, the Utah, and the Oklahoma) were able to be recovered and were used later during the war.

The biggest US loss was the sinking of the USS Arizona. Over 1,100 US military personnel died when the Arizona sunk.

United States
People Killed
People Wounded
Armed forces
Sunk or Beached

(information in this table from
After the Attack

The citizens of the United States were in shock. They had tried to avoid the war, but they could not ignore this attack. The Japanese had hoped to break the Americans by attacking Pearl Harbor, instead they united them. The next day, December 8th, 1941, the US declared war on Japan. Three days later Japan’s allies, Germany and Italy, declared war on the United States. The United States was now a major part of World War II.

The US Navy was able to recover from the attack on Pearl Harbor fairly quickly. The Japanese had not damaged a number of important facilities on the Hawaiian Islands, including oil storage depots and repair yards. Also, no aircraft carriers were in Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack. Aircraft carriers would soon become the most important type of navy vessels in the war.


Today there is a memorial to the US soldiers who lost their lives during the attack on Pearl Harbor. It is called the USS Arizona memorial and is built on the water above the wreckage of the USS Arizona. The wreckage is considered a US National Historic Landmark.

Interesting Facts

  • The Japanese reportedly had intended to declare war prior to the attack. However, the message never got to the President.
  • President Roosevelt gave a famous speech after the attack in which he said December 7th would be a “day which would live in infamy”.
  • Every president since Franklin D. Roosevelt has visited the USS Arizona Memorial site.
  • The Japanese also used submarines, including smaller ones called midget submarines, in the attack.
  • The entire attack lasted around 110 minutes, just under two hours.
  • The Japanese attacked on a Sunday morning because they thought the US soldiers would be less alert at that time.

Identifying the terms Antagonist/Protagonist


In the Judy Blume novel there are several characters. Your job is to Identify who is the Antagonist and who is the protagonist in the story . You can use this site to define the words:

Once you have an understanding tell me what they mean of the terms blog who you think  the Antagonist and Protagonist in the story are. Give reasons why use the definition and you memory from the story characters behavior.

New York Times Article on Homelessness and children

Here is an article from the New York Times on Homeless children from Last Year

Please read the article to yourself and blog about it hear. What did you learn from the Article?\


Homelessness In America?

Read the Article on Homelessness in America.

What did you learn from the Article about Homelessness?

What do you think the main cause of Homelessness?

How do you think we as a community can combat homelessness?

The Mayflower Compact.

The Mayflower Compact, signed by 41 English colonists on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620, was the first written document of government established in what is now the United States. The compact was written to prevent problems  amongst Separatists and non-separatist Pilgrims who had landed at Plymouth a few days earlier. It gave everyone a voice. This set the tone for future settlement where the people would not be ruled by one person or a king but would have say in the rules they followed.

Tell me what was the Mayflower Compact?

How important was this document in moving America towards the ideas of democracy?

Ms. Roche’s & Ms. Saroya’s Class

Massachusetts-ColonyOn Wednesday we began to look at the Pilgrims. or the Separatists and the first thanksgiving, What we know so far.

The Pilgrims  lived in England

They did not want to go to the Kings Church. james-i

King James said he would put them in prison if they did not go to his Church.

So they left and went to Holland in 1608.mf_map_departure

In 1620 they decided to go the New World. They bought a ship called the speedwell. It was not big enough so they bought another boat the Mayflower. The Speedwell sprung a leak so all 102 passengers had to crowd on to the Mayflower.

They boarded the Mayflower and started the 66 day Voyage to the New World.

cut-away-mayflower-shipThe Voyage was long and hard. Weather was very stormy . Many passengers got sick from the terrible waves, and crowded conditions.

Finally the main beam broke and they thought they would have to turn back, but they were able to fix it using a jackmYea-OVlqGv_uGxH-hM2p2w  made to lift house. It worked so they continued the Journey. Finally after 66 days they reached land. Many of the passengers were sick and could not stand. The ones who could went ashore and explored the land. It was winter time. They did not know the land and it was cold. They had no house to take shelter in.Things looked bleak for the Pilgrims survival.


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