Chapter Summary Thus far:
- Peter Hatcher is the narrator of the story. He is 9 years old and in the 4th grade.
- Peter wins a turtle at Jimmy Fargo’s birthday party by guessing the number of jelly beans in a jar. Everyone else got goldfish. He names his pet turtle Dribble.
- Peter lives in an apartment in New York City.
- Peter’s mom was not excited about him having a turtle as a pet. She thinks they smell.
- Peter’s father is in the advertising business. He wrote a commercial for the Juicy-O Company and the family got a whole crate of Juicy-O from the president of the company.
- Peter’s biggest problem is his two-and-a-half year old brother. His name is Farley Drexel Hatcher, but he goes by the name of Fudge.
- Fudge is always a pest to Peter. The only time Peter likes him is when Fudge is sleeping.
- Peter warns Fudge that Dribble is his turtle and he is not to ever touch Dribble.
Mr. and Mrs. Juicy-O
Malala Yousafzai was born on July 12, 1997, in Mingora, Pakistan. As a child, she became an advocate for girls’ education, which resulted in the Taliban issuing a death threat against her. On October 9, 2012, a gunman shot Malala when she was traveling home from school. She survived, and has continued to speak out on the importance of education. She was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2013. In 2014, she was nominated again and won, becoming the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
On July 12, 1997, Malala Yousafzai was born in Mingora, Pakistan, located in the country’s Swat Valley. For the first few years of her life, her hometown remained a popular tourist spot that was known for its summer festivals. However, the area began to change as the Taliban tried to take control.
Yousafzai attended a school that her father, Ziauddin Yousafzai, had founded. After the Taliban began attacking girls’ schools in Swat, Malala gave a speech in Peshawar, Pakistan, in September 2008. The title of her talk was, “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?”
In early 2009, Yousafzai began blogging for the BBC about living under the Taliban’s threats to deny her an education. In order to hide her identity, she used the name Gul Makai. However, she was revealed to be the BBC blogger in December of that year.
With a growing public platform, Yousafzai continued to speak out about her right, and the right of all women, to an education. Her activism resulted in a nomination for the International Children’s Peace Prize in 2011. That same year, she was awarded Pakistan’s National Youth Peace Prize.
Targeted by the Taliban
When she was 14, Malala and her family learned that the Taliban had issued a death threat against her. Though Malala was frightened for the safety of her father—an anti-Taliban activist—she and her family initially felt that the fundamentalist group would not actually harm a child.
On October 9, 2012, on her way home from school, a man boarded the bus Malala was riding in and demanded to know which girl was Malala. When her friends looked toward Malala, her location was given away. The gunman fired at her, hitting Malala in the left side of her head; the bullet then traveled down her neck. Two other girls were also injured in the attack.
The shooting left Malala in critical condition, so she was flown to a military hospital in Peshawar. A portion of her skull was removed to treat her swelling brain. To receive further care, she was transferred to Birmingham, England.
After the Attack
Once she was in the United Kingdom, Yousafzai was taken out of a medically induced coma. Though she would require multiple surgeries—including repair of a facial nerve to fix the paralyzed left side of her face—she had suffered no major brain damage. In March 2013, she was able to begin attending school in Birmingham.
The shooting resulted in a massive outpouring of support for Yousafzai, which continued during her recovery. She gave a speech at the United Nations on her 16th birthday, in 2013. She has also written an autobiography, I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban, which was released in October 2013. Unfortunately, the Taliban still considers Yousafzai a target.
Despite the Taliban’s threats, Yousafzai remains a staunch advocate for the power of education. On October 10, 2013, in acknowledgement of her work, the European Parliament awarded Yousafzai the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. That same year, she was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. She didn’t win the prize, but was named a nominee again in March 2014. In August of the same year, Leanin.Org held a live chat on Facebook with Sheryl Sandberg and Yousafzai about the importance of education for girls around the world. She talked about her story, her inspiration and family, her plans for the future and advocacy, and she answered a variety of inquiries from the social network’s users.
In October 2014, Yousafzai received the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Indian children’s rights activist Kailash Satyarthi. At age 17, she became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. In congratulating Yousafzai, Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said: “She is (the) pride of Pakistan, she has made her countrymen proud. Her achievement is unparalleled and unequaled. Girls and boys of the world should take lead from her struggle and commitment.” U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon described her as “a brave and gentle advocate of peace who through the simple act of going to school became a global teacher.”
Materials ….. Multi-flow map cause and effect.
What is the Nobel Peace prize?
What is the Taliban?
What is cause and effect.
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).
Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity:
By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.
Reread chapter 3 to yourself in your Book on Voting.
Write at least 5 sentence telling what you learned about voting.
Include when different groups of people got the right to vote. (African-Americans, Women, Native Americans)
What group of people could vote in the beginning of our democracy?
Include information on what are the requirements to be able to vote ? Hint : There are four requirements.
The earliest forms of democracy were direct democracies. People gathered to talk about issues and make decisions. This form of democracy worked well in the beginning. When the U.S. government formed, people met in a
New England town hall to solve problems. As the cities and the country began to grow, the issues became bigger. It was difficult for each person to be present at these decision-making meetings.
Not many countries use direct democracy as a form of government, but many community organizations use it. For example, U.S. labor unions often meet to discuss issues. They decide issues that relate to the whole group by majority vote.
Answer the Questions Below.
Using evidence from the text explain the difference between the a direct democracy and a representative democracy?
Using evidence from the text in your own words tell what a referendum is.
Christopher Columbus had no idea how long he would be at sea for. His calculation of time was based on his “best guess” view of the diameter of the earth. Therefore getting sufficient food and water for the expected time away from land was one of the key elements to his first expedition.
Columbus sailed with 3 ships from Palos de la Frontera in Spain on 3 August, 1492. His flagship, the Santa Maria had 52 men aboard while his other two ships, the Nina and Pinta were crewed by 18 men each. The ships made a stop at the Canary Islands to top up provisions and on 6 September 1492 sailed westward.
The menu for Spanish seamen consisted of water, vinegar, wine, olive oil, molasses, cheese, honey, raisins, rice, garlic, almonds, sea biscuits (hardtack), dry legumes such as chickpeas, lentils, beans, salted and barreled sardines, anchovies, dry salt cod and pickled or salted meats (beef and pork), salted flour.
The olive oil and olives were stored in earthenware jugs. The rest of the food was stored in wooden casks which could hold produce like meat preserved in brine, or dry goods. All were stored in the hold, the driest section of which was reserved for casks carrying dry provisions. A cooper (barrel maker) was responsible for keeping the casks tight. Problem was the casks with brine would leak, the casks with dry goods would let water in. It was easy to loose much of your food and water.
The food was mainly boiled and served in a large communal wooden bowl. The sailors had no forks or spoons, but each sailor carried an all purpose knife, that he could use to cut large chunks. The only means of cooking was an open firebox called “Fogon.” It had a back to screen it from the wind. Sand was spread on the floor of the box and a wood fire built on it.
Fish was served more often than meat. Meats were usually prepared in a stew with peas other legumes or rice and served with sea biscuits which were soaked in the soup or in water to make them edible. Sea biscuits would last at least a year if they were kept dry.
Both wine and water for drinking were stored in wooden barrels.
Today we are looking at the week in review. We will listen to the week in rap. Then choose one story from the week to research. Find articles to read/ video’s to watch on the topic.
Then write a short paragraph here explaining the topic. Give a factual account and if appropriate you can editorialize ( give your opinion on the topic).
In Chapter 3 Fudge refuses to eat which worries his mother that he is not getting enough nutrition? While missing a few meals probably will not make you sick, proper nutrition is important. Have you ever heard of the Food Pyramid?
Lets explore the Food pyramid with these links:
Pick a food group and write an advertisement for this food group.
For example Milk makes you Mighty!
This will take two periods you can explore the food groups with these puzzles:
Remember Advertising tells people about a product or service and it usually focuses on the good parts of it in an effort to get people to buy it.
So when you design your ad think about your food group and tell people what it does for the body. Be specific and try to catch their eye and their mind by being clever or even funny.
Here are some examples of Ads