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Discovering the Underground Railroad

PastedGraphic-2Slavery  And the Importance of the  Underground Railroad

To be slave. To be owned by another person  as a car, house or table is owned. To live as a piece of property that could be sold — a child from it’s mother, a wife from her husband.

Justin Lester – To be a Slave.

The common thread binding all enslaved people was the fact that the had no legal rights. slaves were considered property  which could be bought and sold at anytime.

Slaves could not own property.

By law it was illegal to  teach a slave to read and write.

Slaves could not marry.

Slaves had no rights over their children. (their children could be taken)

Slaves could not practice their own religion

Slaves could not come and go as they pleased.

As we know the Underground railroad was not actually a train operating along hidden railroad tracks. Instead it refers to an idea. The Underground Railroad refers to  the efforts of enslaved African Americans  to gain  their freedom through escape and flight- and the assistance of people who opposed slavery and willingly chose to help them escape– through the end of U. S. Civil War.

Enslaved African Americans chose to escape because they desired their freedom slave masters was nice or mean.  Wherever slavery existed, enslaved persons escaped.  Enslaved African American who chose to resist slavery by running away were called fugitive slaves, but can more accurately be called Freedom seekers.

Ms. M’s class a Recap of what we have read so far.

Recap on our book we have been reading

1. Chapter 1 We are back with PeeTAh ( like Fudge says )and his family.  Well they are having a new baby and Peter is not happy and considers running away.

2. Here comes Tootsie the baby is born a girl. and Fudge decides he wants to be the baby, Hides Tootsie in the closet a

and begins wetting the bed again.

3. Peter is getting used to Tootsie kind of likes her, and Fudge has stopped trying to be the baby, but Bam Peter gets hit with the “news” They are moving to Princeton, New Jersey. He is not happy, no vacation to Maine Goodbye to his friends (even Shelia, well maybe that is not so bad) just straight to New Jersey. 41W6MHBN3ZL._SY344_BO1,204,203,200_

What does Freedom mean to me?

From the Discovery the Underground Railroad Junior Ranger Activity book:

We have been looking at the Underground Railroad and slavery in America. Today give me a paragraph about what Freedom means to you. Are you free? What makes you free? Why is freedom so important to human beings. PastedGraphic-2PastedGraphic-1

Typing Games

Typing Games

Mr. K’s Class, What happened in the chapter. Harriet Tubman Escape North.

PastedGraphic-1Tell what happened in the chapter include details and be specific. Include at least 4 facts.

 

Bill of Rights/Write and the Notorious RBG!

In your own words explain the rights that the first 7 amendments gives. Number them 1  to 7 and tell what each one says in your own words. Do not copy from another source   and  If you need a review you can use this http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/constitution_day/inside/index.asp?article=billofrights

On lighter note it is the Notoriour RBG Birthday, Thats right that popular Supreme Court Judge turned 84 yesterday http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/15/politics/feat-happy-birthday-rbg-ruth-bader-ginsburg/

Elephants next act from Time For Kids

The giant mammals will no longer be part of The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus

MARCH 06, 2015
GARY BOGDON—FELD ENTERTAINMENT, INC./AP

P.T. Barnum began using elephants in the circus almost 150 years ago.

The “Greatest Show on Earth” will soon be entertaining audiences around the country without the help of one if its star performers. The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus said Thursday that it will remove elephants from all its shows.

The elephant has been a symbol of the Ringling Bros. circus act since it began 145 years ago. However, with many people concerned about the negative effect captivity has on these highly intelligent animals, public opinion on using elephants in the circus has changed.

“There’s been somewhat of a mood shift among our customers,” said Alana Feld, Vice President of Feld Enterprises Inc., the circus’ parent company. “A lot of people aren’t comfortable with us touring with our elephants.”

A New Home

The Elephant Conservation Center provides a new home for circus elephants.

CHRIS O’MEARA—AP
The Elephant Conservation Center provides a new home for circus elephants.

While news of the elephant’s departure may come as a surprise to those who can’t imagine the circus them, the change will not be immediate. There are still 13 elephants performing with Ringling Bros. that will remain there until 2018. Once officially retired, the elephants will be relocated to the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Center for Elephant Conservation in central Florida. Twenty-nine of its elephants are already there.

Established in 1995, the Center for Elephant Conservation focuses on safely breeding and housing the elephants. Home to the largest heard of Asian Elephants in North America, the 200-acre facility provides constant care and around 2.5 tons of hay for the elephants to eat every day.

The center also gives scientists a better opportunity to study the tusked mammals, since they can get a lot closer to the highly trained circus elephants than elephants in the wild that aren’t used to human contact.

For Kenneth Feld, owner of Feld Enterprises Inc., protecting the future of these animals is a high priority. “We’re creating the greatest resource for the preservation of the Asian elephant,” he said.

 

The March For Justice Continues 50 Years Lat

Remembering “Bloody Sunday” with hope for the future. From Time for Kids

MARCH 09, 2015
SAUL LOEB—AFP/GETTY IMAGES

: President Barack Obama speaks in Selma, Alabama, on March 7, 2015.

President Barack Obama was in Selma, Alabama, yesterday to cross the historic Edmund Pettus Bridge alongside tens of thousands of others. There, he made a speech that looked back on the 50th anniversary of the historic “Bloody Sunday” civil rights march and discussed the issue of race in America today.

“There are places, and moments in America where this nation’s destiny has been decided. . . .  Selma is such a place,” President Obama said. “If Selma taught us anything, it’s that our work is never done—the American experiment in self-government gives work and purpose to each generation.”

Remembering the Past

On March 7, 1965, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. led 600 protestors on a 54-mile march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, to take a stand for African American voting rights. At the time, laws in southern states made it difficult for blacks to vote, despite the fact that the Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, gave African-American men the right to vote.

Tens of thousands marched on Sunday to mark the 50th anniversary of "Bloody Sunday."

BUTCH DILL—AP
Tens of thousands marched on Sunday to mark the 50th anniversary of “Bloody Sunday.”

While crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge, the peaceful protestors were attacked by Alabama state troopers with tear gas and batons. The event became known as “Bloody Sunday.” Later that year, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which guaranteed all African Americans the right to vote by strengthening the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments. (The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to people who had once been held as slaves.)

Luci Baines Johnson, daughter of President Lyndon B. Johnson, also attended yesterday’s march. She was 18 when her father signed the legislation. She remembered his words to her that day. “He said, ‘Luci Baines, we are going to Congress today and there are going to be many brave and extraordinary men and women there.’”
A Legacy That Lives On

In his speech, President Obama acknowledged the progress that has been made in the fifty years since the historic march.

“Because of campaigns like this, a Voting Rights Act was passed,” Obama said. “Political, economic, and social barriers came down, and the change these men and women wrought is visible here today in the presence of African-Americans who run boardrooms, who sit on the bench, who serve in elected office from small towns to big cities; from the Congressional Black Caucus to the Oval Office.”

President Barack Obama leads a symbolic walk across the Edmund Pettus Bridge along with First Lady Michelle Obama and daughters Malia and Sasha, civil rights leaders, Congress members, and others.

He added, “Because of what they did, the doors of opportunity swung open not just for African-Americans, but for every American.”

President Obama reminded Americans that the fight for equality continues. He explained that people must work together to combat “roadblocks to opportunity” that many Americans face. With him at the march were his daughters Malia, 16, and Sasha, 13.

JACQUELYN MARTIN—AP
President Barack Obama leads a symbolic walk across the Edmund Pettus Bridge along with First Lady Michelle Obama and daughters Malia and Sasha, civil rights leaders, Congress members, and others.

William Baldwin, 69, of Montgomery, brought his two grandsons, ages 11 and 15, to Sunday’s anniversary event. He said he wanted them to understand the importance of the historic march he took part in half a century earlier.

“They’re going to take this struggle on and we have to understand the price that was paid for them to have what they have now,” Baldwin said. “It wasn’t granted to them, it was earned by blood, sweat, and tears.”

Harriet Tubman

Tell what happened in the  Chapter we read From Escape North. Recall at least 4 details from the story. Listen carefully to the  story. PastedGraphic-1

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