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Just a quick Review to refresh you for Jeopardy
1.Why did Rosa not finish High school what happened in her family?
Her mother got sick. She left her elementary school because it closed and went to the big city where she saw more segregation because there were more people.
2 What is another word for segregated ? separated
3 The two big cases we need to remember are
Plessy Vs. Ferguson and Brown V. Board of education
Plessy Vs Ferguson is the story of Homer Plessy’
Homer Plessy a light skinned black man who boarded a train in Louisiana went in the white section. He wanted to get arrested so he could challenge the segregation laws But he lost the Supreme court ruled segregation was legal with the words Separate but equal. they made this ruling probably because they had been slave owners. This ruling made segregation legal.
Linda Brown was a black 8 year old girl who wanted to go to the alls white school near her house not 9 blocks away crossing a dangerous railroad. She challenged the segregation laws and won.
4. What does separate but equal mean?
That it was legal to segregate as long as you provided a place for African Americans to do the activity that was segregated example ride the bus, eat in a restaurant got to school etc
5. Rosa was born in the town of Pine Level Alabama
6. Rosa mother was a teacher
7. Rosa’s Grandparents were the only African American Family who owned their farm in Pine Level Alabama. The rest of the farmers rented the farm land from white farmers so they did not make much money on what they grew on their farms this was called tenant farming.
8. The Boyctott lasted 381 days
9. Martin Luther King Jr chose to lead the boycott had his house firebombed during the boycott.
10. What is the Supreme Court. It is the highest court in the land. They have 9 judges and use the Constitution our Rule book to decide their cases.
11. The 13th Amendment freed the slaves
The 14th Amendment gave African American (ex-slaves) equal rights
The 15th Amendment gave male ex-slaves the right to vote.
12. Rosa was thrown off the bus for refusing to board the bus in the back and it was the same bus driver both times
13. The Klu Klux Klan was a terrorist group that attacked African Americans and other minorities in the south what was this group called
14. Voting was made difficult for African Americans often they had to take a test/ pay money or guess something to be able to vote. Rosa had to take a difficult test . White people were not required to do anything to vote.
15 The NAACP is an organization that fights for equal rights for African Americans and other minorities.
No over celebrating
Take the quiz here Kahoot it Linda Brown was a little girl who lived in Topeka, Kansas. She was African American. She was 8 years old in 1954. Schools in Topeka
Kansas in 1954 were segregated. There was a school across the street from her house. It was a white school.
The black school was 9 blocks away, across railroad tracks. Linda was told that she had to go to the black school. Her parents were angry about this. Why should their little daughter have to walk 9 blocks and cross dangerous railroad tracks to get to school?
So they decided to sue in court so that Linda Brown could go to the all white school near her house. She lost in the Kansas State Court but her lawyers requested that the Supreme court hear this case. This was the same court that had heard the case of Homer Plessy. Her lawyers said that the 14th Amendment said that everyone was equal under the law and had the same rights. So this meant Linda Brown had as much right as a white child to attend a public school closest to her house. They said the 14th Amendment said you could not have segregation.
And They won.
The road to equality for African Americans was a long road. It began as soon as they were brought here on slave ships from Africa
Slavery was a brutal way of life. Many settlers to the colonies recognized slavery as the “great evil” of American life. When we were becoming a country getting free from England. Three men wrote a document that said we declare our freedom from England. The document was called the Declaration of Independence.
It said all men are created equal and have the right to life liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. Which seems to be a direct hit on slavery. If all men are created equal then how can some be slaves.
Then there is the next document what we refer here to as our rule book. The Constitution. What did it have to say about slavery? Well after the Civil War when President Lincoln freed the slaves, all slaves. The Constitution put in two amendments first the 13th Amendment that said that no one in this nation shall be held in slavery. Then the 14th Amendment which said that all citizens born in the U.S.A. we have equal rights and protection under the law regardless of color or race.
So it would seem clear that the two documents that are the documents that started our country are clear. All men regardless of color were guaranteed equal rights under the law.
Finally, the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) further strengthened the legal rights of newly freed slaves by prohibiting states from denying anyone the right to vote due to race or color.
We know that even though the documents were clear there was no equality for exslaves. Segregation began to take hold of the southern and the northern states. African Americans were not allowed to vote. Also there was a great deal of violence against African Americans. A terrorist group the Klu Klux Klan would attack families, burn down houses, and sometimes Kill black people who they felt “got out of line”.
To be continued.
I made this for my dog Applejack You can make one two here using this software. I will host them on the blog!
HHere are the steps
1 Find at least 3 photos you want to you save them to your desktop
2Then go to the link on the blog
then upload the photo.
Then hit make the Gif
Download Gif to your computer on your desktop and I will be able to pick it up and host on our blog!