The Supreme Court


Supreme court is the highest court of the land and has the ultimate power to determine the issues related to constitutional subjects, state disputes, cases in which federal or central government is a party etc are decided. Supreme court judges are appointed by the head of the state (president).

The Constitution established the Supreme Court as the highest court in the United States.

One of the Supreme Courts most important responsibilities is to decide cases that raise questions of constitutional interpretation. The Court decides if a law or government action violates our founding document of law the Constitution. This is known as judicial review and enables the Court to strike down both federal and state laws when they conflict with the Constitution. Since the Supreme Court stands as the ultimate authority in constitutional interpretation, its decisions can be changed only by another Supreme Court decision or by a constitutional amendment.

Judicial review puts the Supreme Court in an important role in the American political system, making it the referee in disputes among various branches of the Federal, as well as state governments, and as the ultimate authority for many of the most important issues in the country. For example, in 1954, the Court banned racial segregation in public schools in Brown v. Board of Education. The ruling started a long process of desegregating schools and other institutions.

After reading answer the following questions.


1. What is the highest court in the land?

2.What document does the court base it’s decision on?

3. How can the court’s decision be overturned?

4. What was the name of the famous case that desegregated schools?



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