Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an Italian explorer who sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492, hoping to find a route to India (in order to trade for spices). In the year 1492 spices were as valuable as gold.
He made a total of four trips to the Caribbean and South America during the years 1492-1504. The First Trip:
Columbus sailed for King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella of Spain. On his first trip, Columbus led an expedition with three ships, the Niña (captained by Vicente Yáñez Pinzon), the Pinta (owned and captained by Martin Alonzo Pinzon), and the Santa Maria (captained by Columbus), and about 90 crew members. They set sail on Aug. 3, 1492 from Palos, Spain, and on October 11, 1492, spotted the Caribbean islands off southeastern North America. They landed on an island they called Guanahani, but Columbus later renamed it San Salvador. They were met by the local Taino Indians, many of whom were captured by Columbus’ men and later sold into slavery. Columbus thought he had made it to Asia, and called this area the Indies, and called its inhabitants Indians.
While exploring the islands in the area and looking for gold to loot, Columbus’ men traveled to the islands of Hispaniola (now divided into Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Cuba, and many other smaller islands. On the return trip, the Santa Maria was wrecked and the captain of the Pinta Martin Pinzon sailed off on his own to try to beat Columbus back. Columbus returned to Spain in the Nina, arriving on March 15, 1493.
1. What Country was Columbus born in?
2. What country did he sail for?
2. What year was he born?
3. Who did he sail for (hint) it was a king and a queen ?
4 . What day did he sail on his first voyage?
5. What is the name of the island they landed on?
6. Where did he think he had reached? ( Hint He called the people this)
7. What was the name of the two other Captain who sailed with him?
8. How many trips did he Make to the Caribbean?
8 . Find on Google and print out a picture of Christopher Columbus.