Lincoln only attended school for about 1 year his whole life. Lincoln’s family lived on the frontier in the United states he was born 1809 in Kentucky. The word that best describes his childhood is poor. Lincoln’s family depended on him to work like a man from the time he was a small child. This was the main reason he did not go to school. When Lincoln was very young his mother died. This effected Lincoln greatly. The family moved to Illinois. His father married a woman named Sarah. Lincoln loved his stepmother and she encouraged Lincoln to read.
When Lincoln was around 19 he went to deliver goods to New Orleans on the Mississippi river. There he sees slavery for the first time. This made Lincoln very sad and shocked him.
Later Lincoln worked in a general store, here he finally learned basic math skills. He also volunteered in the Black hawk war. After that he runs for state representative he does not win at first but he meets people who encourage to become a lawyer. It is very unusual for someone who has not attended school to become a lawyer.
Our class is studying about Dr. Martin Luther King jr. Here are some of the things we have learned so far. We read a story about when Martin was 6 years old. When he went to his friend’s house. His friend was white. His friend told him you cannot be my friend anymore because you are black. He cried and went home and his parents told him about racism and slavery.Martin said he would hate all white people but his father told him no Martin you must love everyone.
The Shoe store:
When Martin was a little older his father took him to buy shoes. The salesman told him to go to the back of the store. That was where black customers were served. Martin’s father said no if you cannot wait on us up front we are not buying shoes, his father took Martin’s hand and took him out of the store.
When Martin was 14 he entered a contest for speaking. He won the contest he talked about segregation. But on the ride home with his teacher the bus drive told him he had to give up his seat to a white person, at first Martin did not move but the bus driver started to yell and curse. His teacher said Martin we don’t want any trouble so lets give up our seats.This was segregation and this ruined Martin’s day.
Martin graduated from high school when he was 14 years old. Martin was very smart so he went to college at that early age. He studied to become a minister. After he became a pastor he still wanted to go to school so he went up North to Boston University. In the north there was not as much segregation as there was in the south. But Martin learned there was racism in the north as well. When he called to rent apartments they would say it was available on the phone but when they saw he was black they would say it had already been rented. He knew they were lying. He knew this was racism.
In college Martin read about a famous man named Ghandi.
Mahatma Ghandi was a leader in India. He helped India gain there freedom. He led his people to freedom using words of love and peace instead of hate, guns and violence. Martin loved what he read. He wanted to know everything about Ghandi. He thought maybe he could do what Ghandi had done in the United States. Maybe just like his father had said he could end all the racism and segregation in America through love.
In the next chapter Martin met and married his wife Coretta Scott. He graduated from school. He got his PhD. which made him Dr. Martin Luther King jr. A church in Montgomery, Alabama offered Martin a job. The problem once again was racism. In Alabama there was a lot of racism and segregation. African Americans were treated badly. If Martin were to go there that would mean his kids would grow up with racism. This was a tough decision for Martin and Coretta. If he stayed in the North he would be much happier, but he would not be able to change anything. He had to go where the problems were. So Coretta and Martin went south to the church in Montgomery,Alabama.
Jane Goodall is the world’s foremost authority on chimpanzees. Her pioneering research and discoveries have made, and continue to make, revolutionary advances in scientific thinking about the evolution of human beings.
Born in London, Goodall was 26 years old when she traveled to the Gombe National Park on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania, East Africa, and embarked on her landmark study of chimpanzees under the mentorship of famed anthropologist and paleontologist Dr. Louis Leakey. She began by living in the chimps’ environment and gaining their confidence — and what she eventually observed in the wild challenged virtually every conventional notion about chimpanzees. Goodall found highly intelligent, emotional creatures living in complex social groups. Most dramatically, her work revealed the surprising fact that chimpanzees, like humans, made and used tools. She also discovered that chimps were far from being passive vegetarians.
In her work, Dr. Goodall defied scientific convention by giving the Gombe chimps names instead of numbers, and insisted on the validity of her observations that animals have distinct personalities, minds and emotions. Dr. Goodall wrote of enduring chimpanzee family relationships, and, further along in her research at Gombe, she and Gombe researchers made the unsettling discovery that chimpanzees engage in a primitive form of brutal “warfare.”
In 1965, Dr. Goodall earned her PhD in ethology from Cambridge University. Soon thereafter, she returned to Tanzania to continue research and establish the Gombe Stream Research Center.
In 1977, Goodall established the Jane Goodall Institute, which continues the Gombe research and is a global leader in the effort to protect chimpanzees and their habitats. The institute is also widely recognized for establishing innovative, community-centered conservation and development programs in Africa, and the Roots & Shoots education program, which has more than 8,000 groups in 96 countries.
Today, Jane Goodall spends most of her time traveling around the globe, lecturing, writing, teaching, sharing her message of world peace and hope for the future, and encouraging young people to make a difference in the world.