Supreme Court facts for test

  1. HOW MANY JUDGES ARE ON THE SUPREME COURT? 9
  1. NAME THE 3 BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT (WHO IS IN EACH BRANCH)

Executive Branch –President Vice President

 Legislative Branch  -Congress Senate & House of Representatives

Judicial Branch/Supreme Court and Federal Courts

  1. WHAT DOES EACH OF THESES BRANCHES DO:

Legislative Branch  Writes and proposes laws

Executive Branch — President   signs the laws into law and enforces the laws He has the power of veto.

Judicial Branch decide if a  law is Constitutional  or not

WHAT DOES THE SYSTEM OF CHECKS AND BALANCES MEAN and what does it do?

It means that the 3 branches of government  check each other making sure that no one branch becomes too powerful.

WHAT DOCUMENT IS THE PLAN AND HIGHEST LAW FOR THE U.S. GOVERNMENT? The Constitution.

WHAT IS THE SUPREME COURT’S MAIN JOB?  The courts main job is to decide legal cases and examine laws  to see if they are constitutional or not.

NAME TWO WAYS A SUPREME COURTS DECISION CAN BE OVER-RULED?

A Constitutional Amendment.

A future  court can over-rule themselves.

HOW DOES A SUPREME COURT JUDGE GET ON THE COURT: The president picks them and the legislative branch interviews them, examines their record and then approves them or rejects them.

WHAT IS JUDICIAL REVIEW?__ When the supreme court decides if a law a or a lower courts decision violates the constitution

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