We the People, Liberty, Justice, Equality, Representative government, Shared Power…. All ideas that figure big in the Constitution. But where did these ideas come from? In 1700 almost the entire world was ruled by a Monarchy, where kings were treated like gods and had greatest power over everyone else like a god.
Let’s look at the Constitution’s Roots,
1. The Bible, the bible speaks of justice, fairness, equality and the worth of the person in god’s eyes. It lays the foundation for the idea that an ordinary citizen could be equal to a KIng.
2. Ancient Greece. Perhaps the first democracy. Ancient Greece was ruled by the people in a direct democracy. A large part of the people voted on everything. In this way the people ruled not a king of course there were some people who did not get a vote, poor people, women and slaves had no say.
3. Ancient Rome had an emperor who operated like a king but also was a Republic and was partly ruled by an elected senate. The Senate were a group of rich elected officials who helped the King govern. The other group called the plebeians were poor did not have as much power. Not everyone got to vote again woman, slaves had no voice. But here the Emperor has to share some power with people in that Roman Senators had a voice and could have an effect on what a country tried to do.
It was the first time that a document stated a King had to listen to the people and follow the laws of the land just like an ordinary citizen.
The English Bill of Rights created Parliament which was a group of elected citizens that would rule the country with the King with near shared power.