District 75 project U. N.
The United Nations Secretariat Building is a 154-metre (505 ft) tall skyscraper and the centerpiece of the headquarters of the United Nations, located in the Turtle Bay in Midtown Manhattan area of Manhattan, in New York City. The lot where the building stands is considered United Nations territory, although it remains part of the United States
The groundbreaking ceremony for the Secretariat Building occurred on September 14, 1948. A consortium of four contracting companies from Manhattan and Queens were selected to construct the Secretariat Building as part of a $30 million contract.
The Secretariat Building has 39 stories and was completed in 1952. The building was designed by the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and the Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier. This building is connected to the Conference Building to the north that houses the General Assembly, the Security Council, among others, and a library building to the south. The building houses the administrative functions of the UN, including day-to-day duties such as finance and translation. As part of the UN complex, the building is subject to an agreement between the United Nations and its host country, the United States.
The UN Secretariat Building was renovated, starting in May 2010, and reopened via phased reoccupancy with the first occupants moving in July 2012.
On October 29, 2012, the basement of the UN complex was flooded due to Hurricane Sandy, leading to a three-day closure and the relocation of several offices.
What Does the U.N. do?
The United Nations (UN) is an association of independent countries that agreed to work together to prevent and end wars. The UN also attempts to improve social conditions by promoting international cooperation, economic development, public health, environmental conservation, and human rights. Members of the UN are supposed to cooperate peacefully and resolve differences diplomatically rather than rely on force; however, this ideal has not always been met.
That’s where the United Nations comes in. On Oct. 24 the United Nations turns 65. In 1945, after World War II ended, 51 countries founded the U.N. with the goal of developing healthy relationships among nations, helping one another, and ultimately maintaining peace.
Representatives from 192 countries are now part of the General Assembly and meet every September through December, and at occasionally at other times throughout the year, in New York. A general debate kicks off the September meeting during which a representative from any country can “take the floor,” or speak in front of everyone about anything. This year, representatives from 186 countries spoke, ranging from five to 33 minutes. (Wow, talk about a long meeting!)
Smaller groups from the General Assembly meet also, and this year, a group met to discuss how sports can help bring about peace. One member called on leaders to make sure people could participate in sports. Another spoke about the need for role models in sports.
The General Assembly is the biggest part of the United Nations, but the Security Council is the most powerful. Five of the countries, including the United States, are permanent members, and 10 others are picked from different regions of the world every other year. The Security Council can vote to take military action or to punish countries for inappropriate actions (these punishments are called sanctions). If just one of the five permanent members vetoes (or votes against) a Security Council resolution, it won’t take effect.