Here it is our Mock Election blog. We have it all, links to great website swhere you can learn about the election, writing contests and a voting booth that works, Well not yet we are having some trouble with our voting booth. So far P.S. 25 has committed to participate and we are going to try to get some other Staten Island Schools to join us. Here is the Address http://mockelection2008.wordpress.com/ or click on the picture to go directly there
What is the Electoral College?
The Electoral College, administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), is not a place, it is a process that began as part of the original design of the U.S. Constitution. The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and election by popular vote. The people of the United States vote for the electors who then vote for the President. Read more about how the terms “Elector” and “Electoral College” came into usage.
How Many Votes do States Get?
Each State is allocated a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives. The number of electors for a State is based on the number of members in the House of Representatives who represent the State, plus two for the State’s Senators. A State’s Congressional delegation is determined by the State’s population.
The number of people in each State is determined by the Federal census, which is taken every ten years and includes a count of every State’s population.
270. In the early days of the United States, this number periodically increase as the number of states and population grew (e.g. George Washington won his first election in 1789 with a unanimous 69 electoral votes). The number of electoral college members is set by the number of US House Representatives (set at 435 seats since 1911), the number of US Senators (2 per state = 100), plus 3 votes for Washington DC. The total size of the electoral college is thus 538. To achieve victory in the presidential election, a candidate must win half of the electoral college (269) plus one vote, else the election is decided by the incoming House of Representatives. In this case, each state is allotted one vote, and the House must then choose the president among the top three candidates recipients of electoral votes
Who Selects the Electors?
The process for selecting electors varies throughout the United States. Generally, the political parties nominate electors at their State party conventions or by a vote of the party’s central committee in each State.
Electors are often selected to recognize their service and dedication to their political party. They may be State-elected officials, party leaders, or persons who have a personal or political affiliation with the Presidential candidate.
Then the voters in each State choose the electors on the day of the general election. The electors’ names may or may not appear on the ballot below the name of the candidates running for President, depending on the procedure in each State.
Frequently Asked Questions
- How did the terms “Elector” and “Electoral College” come into usage?
- How does the Electoral College elect the president?
- How does the Electoral College process work in my State?
- Can citizens in U.S. Territories vote for President?
- Is my vote for President and Vice President meaningful in the Electoral College system?
- Why do we still have the Electoral College?
- What Federal laws govern the Electoral College system?
- What proposals have been made to change the Electoral College system?
- Were any measures introduced in Congress to change the Electoral College process by amending the Constitution?
- What happens if no presidential candidate gets 270 electoral votes?
- What impact does a candidate’s concession speech have on the Electoral College process?
- How do the 538 electoral votes get divided among the States?
- There are 538 members of the Electoral College. How could that number change without amending the Constitution?
- What is the difference between the Winner-Takes-All Rule and Proportional Voting, and which States follow which rule?
- How is it possible for the electoral vote to produce a different result than the nation-wide popular vote?
- What would happen if two candidates tied in a State’s popular vote, or if there was a dispute as to the winner?
- What is the difference between Colorado’s proposal to proportionally allocate electoral votes and the current way that Nebraska and Maine proportionally allocate electoral votes?
- Who selects the electors?
- What are the qualifications to be an elector?
- Must electors vote for the candidate who won their State’s popular vote?
- Where do I find the names of the 2004 Presidential electors?
- May I attend the meeting of my State’s electors to watch them vote?
- How can I check the county by county results of the Presidential election in Ohio?
- Is there an online source listing the names and voting records of presidential electors for all previous presidential elections back to 1789?
- How many times has the Vice President been chosen by the U.S. Senate?
The term “electoral college” does not appear in the Constitution. Article II of the Constitution and the 12th Amendment refer to “electors,” but not to the “electoral college.” In the Federalist Papers (No. 68), Alexander Hamilton refers to the process of selecting the Executive, and refers to “the people of each State (who) shall choose a number of persons as electors,” but he does not use the term “electoral college.”
The founders appropriated the concept of electors from the Holy Roman Empire (962 – 1806). An elector was one of a number of princes of the various German states within the Holy Roman Empire who had a right to participate in the election of the German king (who generally was crowned as emperor). The term “college” (from the Latin collegium), refers to a body of persons that act as a unit, as in the college of cardinals who advise the Pope and vote in papal elections. In the early 1800’s, the term “electoral college” came into general usage as the unofficial designation for the group of citizens selected to cast votes for President and Vice President. It was first written into Federal law in 1845, and today the term appears in 3 U.S.C. section 4, in the section heading and in the text as “college of electors.”
The process for selecting electors varies throughout the United States. Generally, the political parties nominate electors at their State party conventions or by a vote of the party’s central committee in each State. Electors are often selected to recognize their service and dedication to their political party. They may be State elected officials, party leaders, or persons who have a personal or political affiliation with the Presidential candidate. Then the voters in each State choose the electors on the day of the general election. The electors’ names may or may not appear on the ballot below the name of the candidates running for President, depending on the procedure in each State.
The U.S. Constitution contains very few provisions relating to the qualifications of electors. Article II, section 1, clause 2 provides that no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector. As a historical matter, the 14th Amendment provides that State officials who have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United States or given aid and comfort to its enemies are disqualified from serving as electors. This prohibition relates to the post-Civil War era.
Here is a template to help you write the piece “What Qualities do you think a president should have”
We are kicking off our writing contest off with a contest dedicated to our Presidential Election. We have been talking in our classes about the Presidential Election and what the president does exactly. We came up with a list of jobs the President has 1. Passing Laws, 2. Making a budget for how the country will spend their money, , 3. Making policy which are plans for the countries future, (E.G. the president come up with a plan for education, the environment, the countries defense , the presidents makes plans for every facet of our country. These plans are called his policy. 4. He also puts together a group of experts called a Cabinet to help him make policy and help him decide what to do. 5. He appoints judges on the Supreme court, 6. He works with other nation’s leaders, making decisions on how we will interact with other countries. 7. He makes speeches and keeps the nation informed on how things are going in our country, 8. He leads the armed forces.
This is just part of what a president does. It is as extremely big job. So here comes our writing assignment what qualities do you think a president needs to have in order to lead the nation. List at least 5 qualities or traits you think a person needs to be president. Things like honesty, loyalty, or being strong (tough), being forgiving, having patience, being brave, being kind, and perhaps empathy ( the quality of being able to understand other peoples pain as if it were your own). List five qualities that you think a president should have. Describe how these qualities would help a person leading our country. The entries should be no longer that 1 and 1/2 pages handwritten. All entries must be typed in here. Prizes will be gift certificates to ToysRUs . The Deadline is October 2nd
Click here to listen to this post. Writing contest
You can download a rubric of how entries will be judged here later in the week.
This year our country, the United States is picking a new President. We have two candidates for president. A candidate is someone who is running for a political office like president. The two candidates running for President are
Senator Barrack Obama
The election will take place on November 4th 2008. Barrack Obama is the Democractic candidate. Democratic is the party or group of people who support him and want him to win the election.
John McCain is the Republican candidate. John McCain is part of the republican party. Republican refers to the the party or group of people that support him for president.
Senator Joe Biden as his vice-president.
John McCain has chosen
Governor Sarah Palin as his vice-president.
So basically there are two teams running for the White House
John McCain and Sarah Palin
Barrack Obama and Joe Biden
Answer the following questions in full sentences: You can Re-watch the Brainpop movie if you like.
1. What is the title of the leader of our nation?
1. How do presidents get their power to lead?
2. What document created our present form of government in the United States?
3. What is the Presidents Job? Name at least 4 things he does.
4. What does veto Mean?
5 What exactly is the presidential policy?
6. What exactly is the president’s cabinet?
7 . Who can become president?
We are not yet finished posting our podcasts on the Election. Here is another from James in Mac’s class.
Now for the announcement of the memorial on the Washington Mall for Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Here is the link to read the TFK article lets read it and leave a comment on their site. Then I want to begin an on-going discussion about civil rights in the month of December. I want to start it but I very much want you, my students to take it and make it your own. We will need to look at just what Civil rights mean in our world in the U.S. and maybe other places. If what I am saying seems vague in a way it is. I don’t want to tell you what I think, but have you do the research and decide what civil rights mean to you.
Anyway we will let the discussion unfold. Here is the link: http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/news/story/0,6260,1558797,00.html
Just read the story, leave a comment, and begin to think about MLK and just why he deserves the same honor as Washington and Lincoln.