Posts tagged “Underground Railroad

Blog about this….

We have been discussing the Underground Railroad and slavery for the past 4 weeks. Tell me what you remember? Describe slavery, tell what it was like.

Talk about the Underground Railroad and the Abolishionists ( Harriet Tubman, ect….)

Talk about the Slave trade or the Middle passage?


Creating a slave Narrative

Slave Narrative Click Here to Listen to a screencast of this blog post

What is a a Narrative?

A Narrative is story told by a person in the first person (“I am a slave”, as opposed to “He was a slave”)

What is a first hand account?

A first hand account is a story by someone who actually witnessed an event. We call it a first hand account when some one “was there”.
For example 50 years from now someway may want to interview you about what it was like when America elected it’s first African American President. You were there, you will remember, you are a witness to this history and you can give an accurate account about what it was really like from your perspective.

The Assignment

Our job is to pretend that we were slaves. That we lived and witnessed slavery in the United States. The U.S. government is trying to preserve the voices of slaves who are still alive. To get their “first hand accounts” written down before they all die. They have sent a man to interview you.
The time: it is 50 years after slavery ended 1915, write an account and tell what it was like by answering some or all of the following questions:

  • where did you live, State,?
  • did you live in a slave cabin or in the Masters house?
  • what job did you do, tell how hard it was and what you did?
  • what was the food like?
  • how did you feel?
  • were you ever beaten?
  • were you always afraid?
  • were you angry?
  • did you try to run away?
  • Did you escape on the Underground railroad?
  • What was that like?
  • What do you think of Abraham Lincoln, Harriet Tubman etc….
  • How did you feel when you heard that all slaves were now free
  • Use details, talk about everyday details that create a picture of slavery.

Get into character in your writing: How old are you now? What do you do now? How important is freedom to you and your family?

Use your imagination to create your “first hand account” of what it was like to be a slave.


Harriet Tubman

Today we are beginning our Start to finish book on Harriet Tubman

Click on the picture of Harriet to hear a jingcast of this post

Harriet Tubman (1820-1913, March 10th)

Harriet Tubman (1820-1913, March 10th)

Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad’s “conductors.” During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South underground_railroadand escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to frederick_douglasFrederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she “never lost a single passenger.”

Tubman was born a slave in plaque11947889Maryland’s Dorchester County around 1820. At age five or six, she began to work as a house servant. Seven years later she was sent to work in the fields.

While she was still in her early teens, she suffered an injury that would follow her for the rest of her life. Always ready to stand up for someone else, Tubman blocked a doorway to protect another field hand from an angry overseer. The overseer picked up and threw a two-pound weight at the field hand. It fell short, striking Tubman on the head. She never fully recovered from the blow, which subjected her to spells in which she would fall into a deep sleep.

Around 1844 she married a free black named John Tubman and took his last name. (She was born Araminta Ross; she later changed her first name to Harriet, after her mother.) In 1849, in fear that she, along with the other slaves on the plantation, was to be sold, Tubman resolved to run away.

Underground Railroad safe house- Maryland

Underground Railroad safe house- Maryland

House on the Underground Railroad- Maryland

She set out one night on foot. With some assistance from a friendly white woman, Tubman was on her way.

North Star or Pole star led runaways slaves to freedom in the north.

North Star or Pole star led runaways slaves to freedom in the north.

She followed the North Star by night, making her way to

Harriet went from Maryland to Pennsylvania

Harriet went from Maryland to Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania and soon after to Philadelphia, where she found work and saved her money.

The following year she returned to Maryland and escorted her sister and her sister’s two children to freedom.

Harriet Tubman with members of her family she helped escape

Harriet Tubman with members of her family she helped escape

She made the dangerous trip back to the South soon after to rescue her brother and two other men. On her third return, she went after her husband, only to find he had taken another wife. Undeterred, she found other slaves seeking freedom and escorted them to the North.

Tubman returned to the South again and again. She devised clever techniques that helped make her “forays” successful, including

Harriet often used Master's Horse and buggy to bring slaves to freedom

Harriet often used Master's Horse and buggy to bring slaves to freedom

using the master’s horse and buggy for the first leg of the journey; leaving on a Saturday night, since runaway notices

A runaway slave reward notice

A runaway slave reward notice

couldn’t be placed in newspapers until Monday morning; turning about and heading south if she encountered possible slave hunters; and carrying a drug to use on a baby if its crying might put the fugitives in danger. Tubman even carried a gun which she used to threaten the fugitives if they became too tired or decided to turn back, telling them, “You’ll be free or die.”

By 1856, Tubman’s capture would have brought a $40,000 reward from the South. On one occasion, she overheard some men reading her wanted poster, which stated that she was illiterate. She promptly pulled out a book and feigned reading it. The ploy was enough to fool the men.

Tubman had made the perilous trip to slave country 19 times by 1860, including one especially challenging journey in which she rescued her 70-year-old parents.

Harriet Tubman was called Moses  because she led her people to Freedom

Harriet Tubman was called Moses because she led her people to Freedom

Of the famed heroine, who became known as “Moses,” Frederick Douglass said, “Excepting John Brown — of sacred memory — I know of no one who has willingly encountered more perils and hardships to serve our enslaved people than [Harriet Tubman].”
And John Brown, who conferred with “General Tubman” about his plans to raid Harpers Ferry, once said that she was “one of the bravest persons on this continent.”

Becoming friends with the leading abolitionists of the day, Tubman took part in antislavery meetings. On the way to such a meeting in Boston in 1860, in an incident in Troy, New York, she helped a fugitive slave who had been captured.

During the Civil War Harriet Tubman worked for the Union as a cook, a nurse, and even a spy. After the war she settled in Auburn, New York, where she would spend the rest of her long life. She died in 1913.